Dantu, a previously undescribed low-incidence red cell antigen, is inherited as a Mendelian dominant character. The Dantu antigen is associated with very weak s antigen,protease resistant N antigen and either very weak or no U antigen. Two of the propositi had previously been shown to have an unusual hybrid MNSs sialoglycoprotein, and it is probably this which carries these unusual N, s and U antigens as well as the Dantu antigen. A study of the family of one propositus suggests, by conventional genetics, that Dantu is not controlled by the MNSs locus; a possible explanation is given. Several examples of anti-Dantu are known, one was found to cause a positive direct antiglobulin reaction on neonatal red cells.