Der vorliegende Artikel erarbeitet, wie Verhaltensexperimente bei Patienten mit Borderline-Persönlichkeitsstörung (BPS) genutzt werden können, um Grundannahmen zu überprüfen sowie neue Erfahrungen zu generieren, aufgrund derer alternative Kognitionen entwickelt werden können. Die BPS gilt als eine schwer zu behandelnde psychische Störung, die durch eine Instabilität von zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen, Verhalten und Emo-tionen gekennzeichnet wird. Problemverhaltensweisen wie Selbstverletzungen oder Dissoziationen werden als Coping-Strategien eingesetzt, um die Dysregulationen zu kontrollieren. Verschiedene Störungsbereiche werden mitsamt typischer kognitiver Dysfunktionen vorgestellt sowie mögliche Ansatzpunkte für Verhaltensexperimente anhand von Fallbeispielen illustriert. Der Einsatz von Verhaltensexperimenten im Rahmen einer kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutischer Psychotherapie für Patienten mit BPS kann sehr hilfreich sein. Allerdings werden nicht zwangsläufig neue Erfahrungen in die Grundannahmen eingearbeitet, in manchen Fällen halten Patienten an den dysfunktionalen Kognitionen fest.

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