In der Kontrollgruppenstudie wurden auf Alltagssituationen bezogene Streβbewältigungsstrategien von 21 schizophrenen Patienten und 21 gematchten gesunden Kontrollpersonen miteinander verglichen. In diesem Zusammenhang wurden drei Komponenten des Lazarus-Modells für Streβ und Coping – nämlich primary appraisal. Coping und Coping-Ressourcen – zugrundegelegt und in ihrer Interaktion geprüft. Die Ergebnisse boten Anhaltspunkte dafür, daβ schizophrene Patienten im Vergleich zu Gesunden nicht mehr und auch nur begrenzt andersartige Situationen als belastend erleben. Tendenziell hatten die Gesunden ein flexibleres und gröβeres Repertoire an Bewältigungsstrategien zur Verfügung. Schlieβlich ergaben sich hochsignifikante Interaktionen zwischen psychopathologischen Symptomen, Fehlschlagangst sowie externer Kontrolle mit depressiven oder streβverstärkenden Bewältigungsstrategien.

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