Aim: Our aim was to determine the relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED) and silent coronary artery disease (CAD) by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography. Methods: Thirty consecutive men with nonhormonal and nonpsychogenic ED and with no cardiac symptoms were evaluated. Medical history, physical examination and laboratory investigation were performed. The five-item brief form of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) was performed for evaluation of ED. The Agatston score (AS) was determined from MDCT images under beta blockade to induce bradycardia. The MDCT coronary angiography findings were evaluated by two radiologists blinded to the clinical findings. Patients were classified into three categories (mild, moderate and severe ED) according to IIEF-5 scores and into five categories (very low, low, moderate, moderately high and high CAD risk) according to the AS. Results: Mean age was 58.3 ± 8.7 years (46-79). 6 patients had hypertriglyceridemia, 4 had hypercholesterolemia and 4 had hyperglycemia. All patients had normal early morning testosterone levels. Regarding IIEF-5 scores, none of them had mild ED, 14 had moderate ED and 16 had severe ED. Of the 14 patients with moderate ED, 21.4% had low and 28.5% had moderate CAD risk regarding AS. Of the 16 patients with severe ED, 25% had moderate, 31.2% had moderately high and 25% had high CAD risk regarding AS. Increasing age was a risk factor for high AS (p = 0.045). There was a significant correlation between AS and ED severity (p = 0.01). Conclusions: ED and CAD often coexist. MDCT coronary angiography can detect coronary lesions and allow appropriate medical intervention.

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