Air guns are known as low-velocity arms and are considered harmless. However, injuries from air weapons can be serious and even fatal, particularly in children. We present a potentially life-threatening penetrating retroperitoneal injury of a 3-year-old boy caused by an air gun, and the successful removal of the bullet via a laparoscopic approach. The patient was brought to our center with a penetrating air gunshot wound on his right side in the waist area. He was accidentally shot by his brother at their home. The patient’s clinical condition was stable. Computed tomography scan showed the bullet in the retroperitoneum near the inferior vena cava. A three-port laparoscopic transperitoneal approach was performed. The bullet was found just 0.5 cm caudal to the right renal hilum and 0.5 cm near the inferior vena cava; it was then removed. Operation time was 42 min and the postoperative course was uneventful. Thanks to improvements in laparoscopic surgical techniques, laparoscopy has become a feasible and effective treatment modality even for the removal of foreign bodies in children.

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