Purpose: To investigate the effect of position on voiding using uroflowmetric variables and postvoid residual urine volume assessment in healthy normal women. Materials and Methods: 67 healthy females volunteered to participate in this study. Their mean age was 32 years. Each female attended the urodynamic suite on 2 separate days. They performed 2 voids, 1 in a sitting and another in a squatting posture each day. Maximum flow rate (Qmax), average flow rate (Qave), voided volume and corresponding postvoid residual urine (PVR) were compared for each position using paired Student’s t test. Results: The mean Qmax values obtained for sitting and squatting postures were 18.4 ± 3.2 and 24.8 ± 4.9 ml/s, respectively, and corresponding Qave values were 9.2 ± 1.9 and 12.3 ± 3.3 ml/s, respectively. Mean PVR values for sitting and squatting were 51.8 ± 22.2 and 21.6 ± 12.7 ml, respectively. Conclusion: The posture adopted for micturition affects uroflowmetric variables. The squatting posture is associated with a significantly higher maximum flow rate and a lower postvoid residue. Therefore, when low urine flow rates or high residual urine volumes are encountered during urodynamic study, the patients should be asked whether they normally micturate in a sitting or squatting position. If the former position is used, repeat studies with the patients squatting should be considered before accepting an abnormal test result as indicative of lower-urinary-tract dysfunction.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.