The occurrence of renal cell carcinoma is an exceptional phenomenon in an ectopic kidney. We describe a patient with renal cell cancer of the pelvic kidney who underwent radical nephrectomy at our institute. Preoperatively the patient underwent paramagnetic medium-enhanced magnetic resonance that provided an accurate description of the ectopic renal vessels. During surgery the anatomy of the vessels appeared exactly as described by the MR examination. Histological examination revealed a pT2N0GIV renal cell cancer. Nine months later the patient underwent control examinations, and no delayed complications had occurred. In our experience magnetic resonance provided an exact description of the ectopic kidney vascularization as confirmed by the surgical findings. Preoperative knowledge is important both for the surgeon during the dissection of the vessels and to plan correct lymphadenectomy on the basis of the vessel source identified at imaging.