Introduction: Perimeatal flap (Mathieu) and tubularized incised-plate (Snodgrass) methods were compared regarding success rate, postoperative complications, and cosmetic appearance in primary and recurrent distal hypospadias cases with normal urethral plates. Patients and Methods: Between 1995 and 2001 Snodgrass-type repair was done in 32 primary and in 24 recurrent hypospadias cases (total 56 patients; mean age 5.8, age range 3–17 years), and Mathieu-type repair was done in 33 primary and in 21 recurrent distal hypospadias cases (total 54 patients; mean age 5.2, age range 2–19 years). There was no statistically significant difference between groups regarding demographics. Patients with primary hypospadias either without or with minimal chordee and patients with recurrent hypospadias only with a normal urethral plate were included in the study. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 24 months. Results: Meatal stricture formation, fistula formation, wound dehiscence, and flap necrosis were seen in 2, 4, 4, and 2 patients, respectively, treated with the Mathieu technique and in 5, 4, 3, and 0 patients, respectively, treated with the Snodgrass technique. Wound dehiscence and flap necrosis were seen less frequently, whereas meatal stenosis was more common in the Snodgrass group (p < 0.05, p < 0.05, and p > 0.05, respectively; χ2 test). There was no difference between groups regarding fistula formation. Mean hospital stay, time to stent withdrawal, and urinary diversion period were shorter in the Mathieu group (7.5 ± 1.19 vs. 5.7 ± 1.38 days, 7.1 ± 0.67 vs. 5.4 ± 0.85 days, and 14.1 ± 1.17 vs. 10.2 ± 1.72 days, respectively; p < 0.001 for all). The total success rates were similar (78.6% in the Snodgrass group and 77.8% in the Mathieu group). Cosmetic appearance was highly satisfactory in the Snodgrass group. Conclusions: We believe that the Snodgrass method should be preferred for primary and recurrent hypospadias cases without chordee or with minimal chordee and with a normal urethral plate due to its lower complication rate and its satisfactory cosmetic appearance. However, when a healthy urethral plate is not available, Mathieu-type repair can be preferred.

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