We describe a patient with primary paraganglioma of the urinary bladder associated with typical clinical symptoms. Systolic blood pressure frequently increased to 300 mm Hg immediately after micturition. Levels of urinary vanillylmandelic acid excretion and serum norepinephrine were significantly elevated. The tumor was removed by partial cystectomy. Histological examination of the tumor revealed paraganglioma of the urinary bladder. Compared with a review of 53 similar cases reported in Japan, the distribution of age, sex and tumor location in the bladder differed from those described worldwide.