Previous results on the peripheral blood immune status of renal cell carcinoma had indicated immunosuppression in metastatic disease, possibly mediated by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). In the present study the immunologic effects of inhibition of PG synthesis by piroxicam in combination with interleukin 2 (IL 2) + lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell therapy were tested by immunomonitoring. In additon to peripheral blood parameters (lymphocyte subpopulations, neopterin, β2-microglobulin, TNF, IL 1, IFNγ) we recorded in vitro cellular activity by incubating the patients’ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in media containing fetal calf serum (FCS) or autologous serum, and either IL 2 or buffer. After 24 h of incubation we measured PGE2 and cytokine levels in supernatants. Systemic application of IL 2 induced in vivo lymphocyte proliferation and clearly influenced the serum levels of neopterin, β2-microglobulin and TNF. There was minor affection of IFNγ and none of IL 1. PBMC in vitro produced high amounts of PGE2, IL 1 and TNF pretherapeutically, during therapy in vitro synthesis of these parameters decreased. Consistent production of IFNγ was detected in supernatants only when FCS and IL 2 were added to the medium. Lack of affection of IFNγ production in the autologous system during therapy indicated impaired cellular activity, which could neither be improved by therapy of the patient using IL 2 nor by adding IL 2 to the culture medium. Immunosuppression seems to interfere in a complex way with immunotherapy. Therapeutical influence of immunosuppression based on the results of immunomonitoring, however, seems to be a promising strategy for improving the still limited clinical results of immunotherapy.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.