Objectives: To investigate the feasibility and initial surgical outcomes of transurethral enucleation for 6 patients with bladder leiomyoma. Materials: Six patients (mean age 50.2, range [34–67]) with bladder leiomyoma underwent transurethral enucleation. In each case, the resectoscope was inserted into the bladder. A resecting loop was used to incise the urothelium along the surgical margin of the bladder tumor, and a push was given through the resecting loop to further separate the tumor until it was shelled off the bladder wall. The intact mass was then cut into pieces and flushed out. After the operation, irrigation therapy was given. Results: Surgery was performed successfully in all 6 patients. The mean size of the tumor was 3.9 cm (1.8–6.7 cm). The mean operation time was 60 min (30–100 min). The mean follow-up period was 14.8 months (2–30 months), and no evidence of recurrence was found in all cases. Conclusion: Transurethral enucleation is a safe, reliable, and effective surgical technique for selected patients with well-encapsulated tumors and is well suited for further pathological diagnosis and radical treatment.

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