Inherited platelet defects lead to bleeding symptoms of varying severity. Typically, easy bruising, petechiae, epistaxis, and mucocutaneous bleeding are observed in affected patients. The platelet defects are classified into disorders affecting either platelet surface receptors or intracellular organelles of platelets. The latter are represented by platelet storage pool diseases (SPD) which share a defect of platelet granules. Platelet a-granules, d-granules, or both may be affected resulting in the clinical picture of a-SPD (e.g. Gray platelet syndrome, Quebec platelet disorder, arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction, and cholestasis syndrome), d-SPD (e.g. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, Chediak-Higashi syndrome, Griscelli syndrome), or ad-SPD (e.g. X-linked thrombocytopenia, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome). Diagnosis of SPD is very extensive and requires platelet aggregation and flow cytometry analyses with interpretation from a specialist. Many of these disorders share common treatments, however, efficacy can vary between different patients. Therapy regiments with tranexamic acid, DDAVP, activated FVIIa, and platelet transfusions have been published. Stem cell or bone marrow transplantations are preserved for severe defects. Here, we describe the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of the major human SPDs.

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