Herkömmliche Vollbluttransfusionen bringen nicht in jedem Fall den erwarteten Effekt. Wenn ein Patient genügend Plasma besitzt, belastet die groβe Flüssigkeitsmenge unnötig den Kreislauf und der anteilige Prozentsatz der roten Blutkörperchen verbessert den Hämatokrit in nur geringem Maβe. Dagegen steigt bei Applikation einer volumenarmen Erythrozytensuspension der Hämatokrit deutlicher an und Kreislaufrisiken werden von vornherein ausgeschaltet. Gefahren durch die Transfusion von Vollblut und Vorteile der Erythrozytenkonzentrate werden gegenübergestellt sowie Indikationen und Herstellung dieser Konzentrate besprochen.

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