In einer retrospektiven Studie wurden von 72 Patienten, die wegen verschiedener Karzinome einem resezierenden Eingriff unterzogen worden waren, präoperativ erhobene anthropometrische und biochemische Daten erfaβt. Aus diesen Daten konnte mittels schrittweiser Diskriminanzanalyse für das Zielkriterium »Kliniksletalität« eine aus 7 unterschiedlich gewichteten Parametern bestehende Formel errechnet werden, die als Ernährungsindex eine Aussage über die postoperative Prognose zuläβt. In einer prospektiven Kontrollstudie wurde die prognostische Aussagekraft des Ernährungsindex an 204 konsekutiv operierten Patienten mit benignen und malignen Erkrankungen überprüft. Der präoperativ ermittelte Ernährungsindex erlaubt die Einteilung in Patienten mit hohem und mäβig erhöhtem Operationsrisiko und ohne erhöhtes operatives Risiko aus ernährungsphysiologischer Sicht.

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