Breast cancer patients often receive both paclitaxel and zoledronic acid as part of their treatment, and these drugs are reported to have synergistic effects on the induction of apoptosis of breast cancer cells in vitro. We have found that the synergistic interaction is drug sequence dependent, with maximal levels of apoptosis achieved when cells are treated with paclitaxel followed by zoledronic acid, as opposed to the reverse sequence or simultaneous treatment. The synergistic interaction persists at clinically relevant concentrations and incubation periods. We report that the sequential treatment is associated with cell cycle changes and depends on breast cancer cell characteristics, with hormone independence, mutated p53 status and presence of BRCA1 gene being associated with higher levels of apoptosis. Finally, we have found that the synergistic induction of apoptosis is via zoledronic acid-mediated inhibition of the mevalonate pathway.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.