Kallikreins are a family of 15 serine proteases clustered together on the long arm of chromosome 19. Recent reports have linked kallikreins to malignancy. The human kallikrein gene 6 (KLK6) is a newly characterized member of the human kallikrein gene family. Recent work has focused on the possible role of this gene and its protein product as a tumor marker and its involvement in diseases of the central nervous system. In this study, we performed extensive in silico analyses of KLK6 expression from different databases using various bioinformatic tools. These data enabled us to construct and verify the longest transcript for this kallikrein, to identify several polymorphisms among published sequences and to summarize the 21 single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the gene. Our expressed sequence tag (EST) analyses suggest the existence of seven new splice variants of the gene, in addition to the already reported ones. Most of these variants were identified in libraries from cancerous tissues. KLK6 orthologues were identified from three other species with approximately 86% overall homology with rat and mouse orthologues. We also utilized several databases to compare KLK6 gene expression in normal and cancerous tissues. The serial analysis of gene expression and EST expression profiles showed upregulation of the gene in female genital (ovarian and uterine) and gastrointestinal (gastric, colon, esophageal and pancreatic) cancers. Significant downregulation was observed in breast cancers and brain tumors, in relation to their normal counterparts.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.