Fifty-four anti-MUC1 antibodies submitted to the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine (ISOBM) Workshop (TD-4) were evaluated in immunoradiometric assays, using sera from carcinoma patients and healthy donors. The carcinoma serum pool contained sera from 30 patients with advanced cancer (10 breast, 10 colon, and 10 ovarian). This serum pool contained 696 kU/l MUC1, 770 µg/l CEA, and 3,700 kU/l CA 125. The reference serum pool was obtained from 10 healthy women combined with 20 sera from pregnant women, of which half had elevated CA 125 (range 82–254 kU/l). The reference serum pool contained 13 kU/l MUC1, 2 µg/l CEA, and 65 kU/l CA 125. The Workshop antibodies were tested both as solid-phase antibodies and as tracer antibodies with the carcinoma serum pool. Twenty-two tracer antibodies and 38 solid-phase antibodies gave at least one combination with >10% binding of the tracer antibody for a total of 836 combinations. These were tested further with the reference serum pool. Antibodies used as tracers could be separated into three categories: Group 1 antibodies, MF06, MF11, B27.29, MF30, and Ma552, gave mainly ‘carcinoma-specific’ assays in combinations with the solid-phase antibodies, i.e. binding ratio between carcinoma MUC1 and reference MUC1 >10. Group 2 antibodies, DF3, 7540MR, A76-A/C7, BC4N154, M38, 7539MR, B12, GP1.4, 232A1, Mc5, and Ma695 gave both ‘specific’ and ‘nonspecific’ binding ratios depending on the solid-phase antibody used. Group 3 antibodies, 214D4, BC4E549, E29, BCP8, BC3, and 3E1.2, gave mainly ‘nonspecific’ combinations, i.e. ratios ≤10. All antibodies used to capture MUC1 on the solid phase gave both ‘specific’ and ‘nonspecific’ combinations depending on the tracer antibody used. Ten antibodies were clearly more efficient as solid-phase capture antibodies; Ma695, B12, M38, GP1.4, 214D4, MF06, B27.29, A76-A/C7, BC3, and KC4. Our findings indicate that the ability to detect ‘carcinoma-specific MUC1’ cannot be deduced from epitope specificity alone.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.