Introduction: The aim of this study was to present a novel technique for subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) implantation under general anesthesia by using intraoperative motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) through direct lead stimulation and determining their correlation to the thresholds of postoperative stimulation-induced side effects. Methods: This study included 22 consecutive patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease who underwent surgery in our institution between January 2021 and September 2023. All patients underwent bilateral implantation in the STN (44 leads) under general anesthesia without microelectrode recordings (MERs) by using MEPs with electrostimulation directly through the DBS lead. No cortical stimulation was performed during this process. Intraoperative fluoroscopic guidance and immediate postoperative computed tomography were used to verify the electrode’s position. The lowest MEP thresholds were recorded and were correlated to the postoperative stimulation-induced side-effect threshold. The predictive values of the MEPs were analyzed. Five DBS leads were repositioned intraoperatively due to the MEP results. Results: A moderately strong positive correlation was found between the MEP threshold and the capsular side-effect threshold (RS = 0.425, 95% CI, 0.17–0.67, p = 0.004). The highest sensitivity and specificity for predicting a side-effect threshold of 5 mA were found to be at 2.4 mA MEP threshold (sensitivity 97%, specificity 87.5%, positive predictive value 97%, and negative predictive value 87.5%). We also found high sensitivity and specificity (100%) at 1.15 mA MEP threshold and 3 mA side-effect threshold. Out of the total 44 leads, 5 (11.3%) leads were repositioned intraoperatively due to MEP thresholds lower than 1 mA (4 leads) or higher than 5 mA (1 lead). The mean accuracy on postoperative CT was 1.05 mm, and there were no postoperative side-effects under 2.8 mA. Conclusion: Intraoperative MEPs with electrostimulation directly through the contacts of the DBS lead correlate with the stimulation-induced capsular side effects. The lead reposition based on intraoperative MEP may enlarge the therapeutic window of DBS stimulation.

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