Introduction: Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is an effective treatment option for essential tremor (ET) and tremor dominant Parkinson’s disease (TDPD), which is often performed with sedation or in the presence of an anesthesiologist in an effort to minimize adverse events and maximize patient comfort. This study explores the safety, feasibility, and tolerability of performing MRgFUS without an anesthesiologist. Methods: This is a single academic center, retrospective review of 180 ET and TDPD patients who underwent MRgFUS treatment without anesthesiologist support. Patient demographics, intra-procedural treatment parameters, peri-procedural adverse events, and 3-month Clinical Rating Scale for Tremor Part B (CRST-B) scores were compared to MRgFUS studies that utilized varying degrees of anesthesia. Results: There were no anesthesia related adverse events or unsuccessful treatments. There were no early treatment terminations due to patient discomfort, regardless of skull density ratio. 94.6% of patients would repeat the procedure again. The most common side effects during treatment were facial/tongue paresthesia (26.3%), followed by nausea (22.3%), dysarthria (8.6%), and scalp pain (8.0%). No anxiolytic, pain, or antihypertensive medications were administered. The most common early adverse event after MRgFUS procedure was gait imbalance (58.3%). There was a significant reduction of 83.1% (83.4% ET and 80.5% TDPD) of the mean CRST-B scores of the treated hand when comparing 3-month and baseline scores (1.8 vs. 10.9, n = 109, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: MRgFUS without intra-procedural anesthesiologist support is a safe, feasible, and well-tolerated option, without an increase in peri-procedural adverse events.

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