Objective: Although deep brain stimulation (DBS) is nonablative, it may give rise to many complications. In order to identify and reduce factors contributing to the complications, we performed a retrospective analysis of patients who received DBS in our institution over a 9-year period from March 2000 to December 2008. Methods: Included in this study were 161 patients (85 male and 76 female). Data from these patients were collected and analyzed with respect to the complications and factors potentially related to these complications. Results: A total of 25 surgical and hardware-related complications occurred in 24 patients, including confusion in 11 cases (6.83%), asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in 1 case (0.62%), electrode misplacement in 2 cases (1.24%), infection of the subcutaneous pocket receiving the pulse generator in 1 case (0.62%), skin erosion in 2 cases (1.24%), pulse generator seroma formation in 6 cases (3.72%), and device malfunction in 1 case (0.62%). There was no permanent neurological deficit. Conclusion: Confusion is the most common complication in simultaneous bilateral DBS targeting the subthalamic nucleus, especially in patients with severe Parkinson’s disease. With increasing experience of surgeons, complete obedience to intraoperative surgical routines and reasonable application of the microelectrode recording technique, other complications could also be reduced.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.