Gamma knife radiosurgery is a safe and effective treatment for cavernous sinus meningioma, associated with a very low morbidity. However, a high dose of radiation could lead to modifications of the vascular wall such as in radiosurgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations. We present a patient treated by gamma knife radiosurgery for a left cavernous sinus meningioma using a margin dose of 13 Gy at the 50% isodose. A complete occlusion of the intracavernous segment of the ICA occurred during the follow-up, in combination with a regression of the meningioma volume. The patient sustained no neurological deficit. We found that a hot spot of dose was administered to the intracavernous segment of the internal carotid artery, with a maximum dose of 22.3 Gy. Dose heterogeneity inside the target volume can produce hot spots of dose inside the internal carotid artery that can lead to a vascular occlusion. Therefore, we recommend shifting the hot spot during the dosimetry planning in order to reduce the incidence of such vascular injury.

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