Introduction: The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of nail diseases and its population in nail consultation. Methods: A retrospective study of clinical records between 2012 and 2022 was conducted. The 1,372 established diagnoses were categorized into nosological groups, which included physical signs, infectious diseases, dermatological diseases, systemic diseases, drug reactions, occupational disorders, congenital diseases, traumatic disorders, and tumors. Results: Overall, 1,239 records were enrolled, with 64% (n = 788) involving female patients. The median age was 50 years. In 71.5% of cases (n = 886), it was possible to establish an etiological diagnosis or a causative relationship based on physical findings, while 28% of patients (n = 347) presented nonspecific physical signs. Conclusion: Onychomycosis was the most prevalent diagnosis and revealed a descending trend over the 10-year period study.

1.
Karim
AR
,
Sadeque
SP
,
Khan
MAL
,
Hasan
MS
,
Al Azad
MAS
,
Siraj
MS
, et al
.
A study of nail changes in various dermatosis
.
J Armed Forces Med Coll
.
2016
;
11
(
1
):
38
44
.
2.
Mir
MA
,
Hassan
I
,
Keen
A
,
Bhat
YJ
.
Profile of nail disorders in patients presenting to a tertiary care hospital in kashmir valley
.
Int J Contemp Med Res
.
2019
;
6
(
3
).
3.
Baran
R
,
De
BD
,
Holzberg
M
,
Thomas
L
.
Baran and Dawber’s diseases of the nails and their management
.
Hoboken
:
John Wiley & Sons
;
2012
.
4.
Mayeaux
EJJ
,
Carter
C
,
Murphy
TE
.
Ingrown toenail management
.
Am Fam Physician
.
2019
;
100
(
3
):
158
64
.
5.
Lipner
SR
,
Hancock
JE
,
Fleischer
AB
.
The ambulatory care burden of nail conditions in the United States
.
J Dermatolog Treat
.
2021
;
32
(
5
):
517
20
.
6.
Le Bidre
E
,
Pasquier
Y
,
Estève
E
.
Motifs de consultation thématisée de maladie unguéale: étude prospective [Diseases seen during a hospital consultation of nail diseases: prospective study]
.
Presse Med
.
2013
;
42
(
1
):
e16
20
.
7.
Tasia
M
,
Lecerf
P
,
Richert
B
,
André
J
.
Paediatric nail consultation in an academic centre in Belgium: a 10-year retrospective study
.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
.
2019
;
33
(
9
):
1800
5
.
8.
Domínguez-Cherit
J
,
Chanussot-Deprez
C
,
Maria-Sarti
H
,
Fonte-Avalos
V
,
Vega-Memije
E
,
Luis-Montoya
P
.
Nail unit tumors: a study of 234 patients in the dermatology department of the “dr manuel gea gonzález” general hospital in Mexico city
.
Dermatol Surg
.
2008
;
34
(
10
):
1363
71
.
You do not currently have access to this content.