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Based on the assessment of new evidence, the World Health Organization (WHO) updated its guidelines for the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in December 2022. The new recommendations and the latest study data made it necessary to update the existing guideline on the treatment of at least rifampicin- (RR-TB) for the German-speaking countries, replacing the respective chapters of the treatment guidelines published 2022. A shortened treatment of proven RR-TB and multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB for at least 6 months using the fixed and non-modifiable drug combination of bedaquiline, pretomanid, linezolid, and moxifloxacin (BPaLM) is now also recommended for Austria, Germany, and Switzerland under certain conditions considering the existing barriers for the implementation of the new treatment regimen. For the treatment of pre-extensively drug-resistant (pre-XDR)-TB, an individualized treatment for 18 months continues to be the primary recommendation. The non-modifiable drug combination of bedaquiline, pretomanid, and linezolid (BPaL) may be used alternatively in selected pre-XDR-TB cases, provided that all prerequisites are met. The necessary requirements for using BPaLM and BPaL are presented in detail in this amendment to the consensus-based TB treatment guideline for adult patients.

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