Background: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) with transbronchial needle aspiration increases the diagnostic yield of lung cancer staging. The left adrenal gland (LAG) is a common site for lung cancer metastasis. The modality of transesophageal examination with an EBUS bronchoscope (EUS-B) routinely for LAG has not been assessed. Objective: The aim of this study was to prospectively assess if evaluation and tissue sampling of the LAG could routinely be implemented in an EBUS procedure. Methods: Patients referred for EBUS between March and August 2017 had assessment of the LAG via EUS-B. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) was performed in cases with a suspicious LAG. The detection rate, procedure time, and learning curve of four experienced EBUS-bronchoscopists was assessed, plus the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of FNA. Results: In total, 313 consecutive patients were included. The overall LAG detection rate was 87.5%. After the initial learning curve, the detection rate for all four bronchoscopists was >93%. The detection rate did not correlate with any patient characteristics. EUS-B-FNA revealed nine LAG metastases, with a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 75%, 100%, and 99%, respectively. The mean EUS-B operation time was 194.4 s, with 594.8 s for FNA. There were no FNA-associated complications. Conclusions: Evaluation of the LAG with EUS-B could routinely be included in an EBUS procedure if necessary. A high detection rate can be achieved after an initial learning period. FNA of the LAG was feasible and safe. EUS-B of the LAG could be integrated into the usual EBUS/EUS-B procedure in lung cancer staging workup.

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