The bronchoprotective effect of bioequivalent doses of theophylline (TH; 234 mg) and a combination of TH, proxyphylline (PPH) and diprophylline (DPH) in the proportion 2:3:3 (Neo-Biphyllin, NB; 600 mg) against carbachol-induced bronchoconstriction was studied in 10 healthy non-smokers in a randomised controlled double-blind cross-over trial. The subjects were on a methylxanthine-free diet 4 days prior to and during each study day. Bronchial provocation tests were conducted in the morning and afternoon of the three separate study days – control and two medication days – using a standardised technique. On the control day, the dose of carbachol required to reduce the partial expiratory flow volume at 25% of vital capacity (V25p) by at least 25% was established. A significant protective effect was achieved with both TH (p < 0.05) and NB (p < 0.001) as measured by V25P. Bronchoprotection was achieved with low maintenance serum levels of TH.

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