In this survey an extended definition of shunts is given: ‘A shunt is a normal or abnormal passage in between two vessels or vascular areas, which bypasses either a capillary bed, a heartpump, or both.’ Based on this definition a classification of the existing right-to-left and left-to-right shunts in the is evolved. Besides this classification, two forms of recirculation are described, defined as a situation in which part of the bloodflow returns by shunting to its own ventricle. At the same time a survey is given of the various methods of shunt detection. The purpose of this classification is that it can be used for clinical purposes. By confronting the clinical signs and symptoms with suitable ‘physiological’ and ‘anatomical’ techniques, it will be possible in many cases to arrive at a diagnosis during life.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.