Schizophrenic delusions of 324 inpatients in Tokyo, 101 in Vienna, and 150 in Tübingen (Germany) were compared according to the same classifications. Among the three areas, about 80% of the patients had equally ‘negative’ delusions (injury and/or belittlement), and about one-fourth had ‘positive’ delusions of grandeur. Transcultural influences were found in the detailed contents of the ‘negative’ delusions; specific and direct themes of persecutory delusion, i.e., delusions of poisoning, and religious themes of guilt/sin were conspicuous in Europe, while amorphous delusions of reference such as ‘being slandered’ were predominant in Japan. The latter may derive from the group-oriented self in Japanese ‘shame culture’.

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