Background: Stress coping is defined as a behavioral or cognitive response of an individual to uncomfortable or difficult situations. It has been suggested that coping, like personality, is related to the pathology and course of mental disorders. Accordingly, we here used a clinical sample to investigate the relationships between coping strategies and personality traits. Methods: Subjects were 60 outpatients who were in remission from major depressive disorder and who completed the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and the Munich Personality Test (MPT). Results: Task-oriented coping showed a positive correlation with extraversion and frustration tolerance. Emotion-oriented coping was closely associated with neuroticism, esoteric tendencies and isolation tendency. Avoidance-oriented coping was related to extraversion. Principal component analysis indicated three corresponding factors between coping and personality; one was related to psychopathology (loading from the neuroticism, esoteric tendencies and isolation tendency scales of the MPT, and from the emotion-oriented coping scale of the CISS), a second was a social-adaptive ability component (loading from the frustration tolerance and extraversion scales of the MPT, and from the task-oriented coping and avoidance-oriented coping scales of the CISS), and a third was a passive-avoidance coping component (loaded from the emotion-oriented coping and avoidance-oriented coping scales of the CISS only). Conclusion: Some personality traits such as extraversion and frustration tolerance are significantly related to task-oriented coping, and psychopathological personality traits such as neuroticism are associated with emotional-oriented coping in major depressive disorder.

Folkman S, Lazarus RS: Stress processes and depressive symptomatology. J Abnorm Psychol 1986;95:107–113.
Billings AG, Moos RH: Coping, stress, and social resources among adults with unipolar depression. J Pers Soc Psychol 1984;46:877–891.
Veiel HOF, Kuhner C, Brill G, Ihle W: Psychosocial correlates of clinical depression after psychiatric inpatient treatment: Methodological issues and baseline differences between recovered and non-recovered patients. Psychol Med 1992;22:415–427.
Bruder-Mattson JF, Hovanitz CA: Coping and attributional styles as predictors of depression. J Clin Psychol 1990;46:557–565.
Rohde P, Lewinsohn PM, Tilson M, Seeley JR: Dimensionality of coping and its relation to depression. J Pers Soc Psychol 1990;58:499–511.
Vitalino PP, Katon W, Russo J, Maurio RD, Anderson K, Jones M: Coping as an index of illness behavior in panic disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis 1987;175:78–84.
Roy-Byrne PP, Vitaliano PP, Cowley DS, Luciano G, Zheng Y, Dunner DL: Coping in panic and major depressive disorder. Relative effects of symptom severity and diagnostic comorbidity. J Nerv Ment Dis 1992;180:179–183.
Endler NS, Parker JDA: Multidimensional assessment of coping: A critical evaluation. J Pers Soc Psychol 1990;58:844–854.
Bolger N: Coping as a personality process: A prospective study. J Pers Soc Psychol 1990;59:525–537.
Amirkhan JH, Risinger RT, Swickert RJ: Extraversion: A hidden personality factor in coping? J Pers 1995;63:189–212.
Miller PM, Surtees PG: Partners in adversity V: Support, personality, and coping behaviour at time of crisis. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1995;245:245–254.
Kendler KS, Kessler RC, Heath AC, Neal MC, Eaves LJ: The prediction of major depression in women: Toward an integrated etiologic model. Am J Psychiatry 1993;150:1139–1148.
Endler NS, Parker JDA: Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS): Manual. Toronto, Multi-Health System, 1990.
Endler NS, Parker JDA, Butcher JN: A factor analytic study of coping styles and the MMPI-2 content scales. J Clin Psychol 1993;49:523–527.
Zerssen DV, Pfister H, Koeller DM: The Munich Personality Test (MPT) – a short questionnaire for self-rating and relatives’ rating of personality traits: Formal properties and clinical potential. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1988;238:73–93.
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed 4. Washington, APA, 1994.
Hamilton M: A rating scale for depression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1960;23:56–62.
Zung WWW: A rating instrument for anxiety disorders. Psychosomatics 1971;12:371–379.
Furukawa Y, Arisa SM, Saitoh Y, Hamanaka T: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the coping inventory for stressful situations (CISS): A contribution to the cross-cultural studies of coping. Psychiatr Neurol Jp 1993;95:602–621.
Zerssen DV: Personality and affective disorders; in Paykel ES (ed): Handbook of Affective Disorders. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1982, pp 212–228.
Tellenbach H: Melancholie. Berlin, Springer, 1961.
Sakado K, Sato T, Uehara T, Sato S, Sakado M: The Japanese version of the Munich Personality Test (MPT): Its reliability and validity. Arch Psychiatr Diagn Clin Eval 1996;7:123–132.
Cattell RB: The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behav Res 1966;1:245–276.
Fava GA: The concept of recovery in affective disorders. Psychother Psychosom 1996;65:2–13.
Ryff CD, Singer B: Psychological well-being: Meaning, measurement, and implications for psychotherapy research. Psychother Psychosom 1996;65:14–23.
Labbate LA, Doyle ME: Recidivism in major depressive disorder. Psychother Psychosom 1997;66:160–167.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.