Given the contradictory reports concerning psychophysiological reactivity of hypertensives this issue was reexamined. In contrast to the large majority of studies, the hypertensive sample should not be made up of patients in medical care and the control group should be comparable in all relevant aspects other than blood pressure. Twelve male subjects with blood pressure values in the borderline range and 12 normotensive controls were recruited from a blood donation program. Experiments consisted of two parts with baseline, stress and follow-up. Stressors were a short distressing movie and mental arithmetic. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), heart rate (HR), skin conductance level (SCL) and number of spontaneous electrodermal fluctuations (SF) were assessed in 2-min intervals, plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline once during baselines, stress 2 and follow-up 2. Hypertensives exhibited significantly higher SPB levels, and partially elevated values for DBP, HR and SCL. Response reactions to stressors, however, did not differ between groups. There was no evidence that psychophysiological adaptation during stress and recovery thereafter was impaired in hypertensives. Our results do not support the reactivity hypothesis of hypertension. Possible reasons for our failure to replicate findings from other studies are discussed.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.