Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview

Introduction: Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) is a rare genetic syndrome associated with neurodevelopmental disorders and craniofacial dysmorphisms caused by variations in the TCF4 transition factor. The aim of this article is to report the case of two twin infants diagnosed with PTHS, confirmed by the identification of a heterozygous pathogenic variant in the TCF4 gene through DNA extracted from a buccal swab. Case Presentation: Both infants presented with craniofacial asymmetry with a metopic crest and cranial deformity. During the diagnostic investigation, computed tomography with three-dimensional reconstruction of the skull showed premature fusion of the left coronal and metopic sutures in both twins. They underwent craniofacial reconstruction at the 9th month of age using a combination of techniques. The postoperative outcomes were satisfactory in both cases. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report to describe the occurrence of complex craniosynostosis (CCS) in children with PTHS. Further studies are needed to determine whether the co-occurrence of PTHS and CCS described here indicates an association or is explained by chance.

This content is only available via PDF.