Introduction: We report 2 cases of medulloblastoma maturing into gangliocytoma after receiving multimodal therapy. Here we present 2 cases of diagnosed medulloblastoma which on re-resection were noted to be gangliocytoma without heterogeneity, which is an extremely rare occurrence. Case Presentation: The first patient, an 11-year-old boy diagnosed with high-risk (non-WNT, non-SHH) medulloblastoma, was treated with near-total surgical resection followed by craniospinal radiation therapy with weekly vincristine. He then received maintenance chemotherapy with vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and cisplatin. On surveillance MR imaging studies residual tumor in the lateral aspect of the tumor bed was noted to be slowly growing, eliciting gross-total resection of the residual tumor. Histopathology showed benign gangliocytoma without residual medulloblastoma. The second patient, a 3-year-old girl, was diagnosed with medulloblastoma, desmoplastic nodular variant. She was initially treated with gross total resection and chemotherapy with etoposide, carboplatin, and high-dose methotrexate. At 4 months off therapy, she was noted to have local recurrence along the resection cavity. Second-line therapy was started with irinotecan and temozolomide, but MRI assessment during treatment showed further disease progression. She then received craniospinal radiation. Eleven months off therapy, further radiographic progression was noted, and the patient underwent second-look surgery, with pathology showing gangliocytoma and treatment-related gliosis. Discussion/Conclusion: The maturation of medulloblastoma into a ganglion cell-rich lesion is very rare, with few well-characterized previous reports. Given the rare nature of this entity, it would be of great value to understand the process of posttreatment maturation and the genetic and treatment factors which contribute to this phenomenon.

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