Background/Aims: The management of extracerebral collections of fluid in patients with hydrocephalus can be problematic for either their simultaneous separate management or sequential management, each of which may require multiple surgeries and the management of external drains. The object of this report is to review the experience with a shunt configuration that simultaneously diverts ventricular fluid and extracerebral fluid, whether subdural or subarachnoid in location, through different outflow resistances. Methods: The medical records, including neuroimaging of patients with hydrocephalus and clinically significant extracerebral collections of low density who were managed by implanting a differential pressure type shunt, were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Four patients, 3 children and 1 adult, met inclusion criteria. Three had the entire differential pressure shunt implanted under 1 anesthetic, and 1 had a catheter inserted into the subdural space and connected into an existing ventriculoperitoneal shunt system. The extracerebral fluid collections cleared in all 4 patients, and the CSF shunt continued to function normally. Conclusion: A single surgical procedure to implant a differential pressure shunt can simultaneously drain and obliterate an extracerebral fluid collection while managing the hydrocephalus. Compared to routines that include external drainage, differential pressure shunting requires fewer surgeries, shorter hospitalization, with expected less expense.

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