Cerebellar tonsils moved significantly upward in 3 patients with Chiari type I who underwent supratentorial cranial vault expansion to alleviate intracranial pressure related to multisutural craniosynostosis. The Chiari type I deformities in these patients were the biomechanical consequence of posterior fossa-cerebellar disproportion caused by supratentorial craniocerebral disproportion secondary to multisutural craniosynostosis. The authors postulate that all cases of Chiari type I deformity share the sine qua non feature of posterior fossa-cerebellar disproportion.

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