Thirty-seven infants were treated for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) with external ventricular drainage (EVD) in 1977–1985. The mean age at EVD placement was 13 days; the mean duration of drainage was 21 days, and an average of 1.8 drains was used per patient. Complications were apnea (10%), hemorrhage (8%) and ventriculitis (6%). Ten infants died from pulmonary disease unrelated to the surgery. Thirty-two percent of the survivors did not require a permanent shunt. Neurodevelopmental outcome was evaluated at a mean age of 38 months. Eighteen of the twenty-seven survivors (67%) had normal cognitive function, 3 had borderline and 6 (22%) had moderate to profound mental retardation. Nine of the children (33 %) had a normal neuromuscular exam. One child had mild, 11 had moderate and 6 had severe cerebral palsy. Four children had serious visual impairment. The worst outcomes were in the children with parenchymal or large intraventricular hemorrhages.

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