Activation of prothrombin to thrombin is the key reaction in blood coagulation cascade. We have recently shown that Australian rough scaled snake, Tropidechis carinatus, possesses two parallel prothrombin activator systems. Trocarin D, a venom prothrombin activator produced in the venom gland, plays an offensive role as a toxin, whereas factor X is produced in the liver and plays a role in the hemostatic mechanism. These two proteins are structurally similar and have identical domain architecture. Because of the differences in their physiological roles, and tissue-specific expression, we determined the gene structure of these closely related proteins. Both the genes have eight exons similar to all mammalian factor X genes. All the exon-intron boundaries of these two genes are at the same position and the splice junctions are almost identical. Partial sequencing of the introns shows that they share a very high degree of sequence identity indicating that the gene duplication is a recent event. Further studies on the characterization of these two genes particularly the promoter regions are in progress.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.