Prothrombin time (PT) is the control test for oral anticoagulant therapy as well as the screening test for defects of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation. Its responsiveness to decreased extrinsic clotting factors depends on the source and type of tissue factor thromboplastin extract. In 1994, a rabbit brain thromboplastin – Thromboplastin Bilbao (TBi) – was introduced as a replacement for a human brain preparation used since 1983, with the aim of establishing a national standard. The purpose of this study was to check the reproducibility, the inter-assay/intra-assay accuracy and the stability of this reagent under temperature changes and over time. A method modified from Frei et al. [World Health Organisation Regional Publications, Eastern Mediterranean Series, Alexandria, 1995] was used for the preparation of thromboplastin extract. Thirty-five batches of human TBi were prepared from 1983 to 1988, while from 1993 to 1999 13 batches of rabbit TBi were produced. The inter-assay reproducibility of rabbit TBi exhibited a coefficient of variation (CV) of 1.07–1.57% for normal plasma and of 1.25–2.56% for anticoagulated plasma. The intra-assay CV was 0.06–1.30% for normal plasma and 1.23–2.66% for anticoagulated plasma. The stability of the reagent to temperature changes and time was also estimated, with similar results for the two thromboplastins. As a result of the Oral Anticoagulant Treatment Quality Assessment Scheme in the Basque Country, an in-house rabbit thromboplastin with good sensitivity and reproducibility was developed.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.