Endogenous N-sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) comigrating with standard heparin and sensitive to nitrous acid treatment were isolated from plasma of healthy donors. The amount of these compounds was 7–10 µg/ml, and activated partial thromboplastin time, anti-Xa and anti-IIa activities were similar to those of standard heparin of high molecular mass. Analysis with gradient PAGE of the putative endogenous heparin showed a mean molecular mass of 12 kD. These N-sulfated GAGs could be isolated only after removal of binding peptides that impaired purification by ion-exchange chromatography. We used SDS-PAGE as a tool to separate peptides from endogenous GAGs. N-sulfated GAGs exited the gel before peptides when the electrophoresis was overrun. Endogenous GAGs could be recovered by ion-exchange chromatography of the SDS-PAGE buffer, ‘free’ from associating peptides. These results strongly support the hypothesis that endogenous heparin is associated in vitro with a variety of proteins and that this association could be responsible for modification of both heparin and protein activities.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.