Factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by a normal partial thromboplastin time and a prolonged prothrombin time. For definitive diagnosis, the specific FVII level should be investigated. We report on a 7-month-old boy with congenital FVII deficiency suffering from convulsions and intracerebral hemorrhage. Hematologic tests revealed prolonged prothrombin time associated with a decreased FVII level of 1.7%. Computerized tomography of the brain revealed multifocal hemorrhagic lesions. To our knowledge, multifocal intracranial hemorrhages at the time of a transiently prolonged partial thromboplastin time of unknown origin in a child with congenital FVII deficiency of about 2% has not been reported so far.

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