As first step for the development of a programme of haemophilia care, the disease was diagnosed locally in 5 bleeders. These patients were all affected by severe haemophilia A. They were treated with fresh frozen plasma for bleedings. All of them were negative for antibodies to HIV. The potentialities of the Blood Transfusion Centre at Mogadishu are such that with little effort it could produce amounts of cryoprecipitate sufficient to treat most of the patients living in the central region of the country where the capital, Mogadishu, is located.