Spectrophotometric methods were used to assay the clotting factors II, VII, IX and X in plasma of 33 subjectively healthy human donors and in plasma of 98 patients receiving long-term oral anticoagulant therapy. In 33 normal subjects the interindividual variations in the plasma activities of the clotting factors II, VII, IX and X are respectively 12.2, 21.4, 11.0 and 15.0%. After correction for the assay variations the remaining biological variations are respectively 11.7, 21.2, 9.7 and 14.8%. Plasma from 98 patients receiving long-term anticoagulant therapy was assayed with ‘Thrombotest’, a clotting test in whole blood introduced by Owren and in these plasmas the activity of each of the vitamin K-dependent factors was assayed with spectrophotometric methods. For the clotting factors IX and VII, novel spectrophotometric methods were applied and the plasma activities thus measured were compared to results obtained with factor IX and VII clotting assays. Chromogenic activities of the different factors were correlated among each other and with 1/Thrombotest values. When the therapeutic range for Thrombotest values is set between 5 and 12.5% the corresponding therapeutic ranges for the activity of the factors II, VII, IX and X are respectively 12.6–36.1, 27.0–52.3, 23.1–49.3 and 18.9–36.2% (expressed as a percentage of the activity in normal pool plasma). The chromogenic assays for the factors II, VII, IX and X provide the same information on the therapeutic state of the patients in respectively 86.7, 78.6, 81.6 and 89.8% of the cases. Finally we discuss the suitability of the different assays to monitor oral anticoagulant therapy.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.