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Keywords: Constipation
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Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1993) 47 (Suppl. 1): 224–233.
Published Online: 11 June 2008
...Amnon Sonnenberg; Astrid D. Müller Since individual case-control studies have failed to resolve the question whether constipation and use of cathartics represent significant risk factors of colorectal cancer, a meta-analysis was performed. The method by Peto was used to calculate pooled odds ratios...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1993) 47 (Suppl. 1): 242–248.
Published Online: 11 June 2008
...K. Ewe; B. Ueberschaer; A.G. Press Retarded colonic transit and disturbed defecation are the most prominent pathophysiological mechanisms in constipation. Both may be influenced by bulking agents and by laxatives such as senna. Direct measurements of the influence of such substances on colonic...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1993) 47 (Suppl. 1): 216–223.
Published Online: 11 June 2008
...J.E. Lennard-Jones First, it is important to find out whether the patient is complaining of infrequent defaecation, excessive straining at defaecation, abdominal pain or bloating, a general sense of malaise attributed to constipation, soiling, or a combination of more than one symptom. Second, one...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1993) 47 (Suppl. 1): 138–145.
Published Online: 11 June 2008
... or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements. Anthraquinones Constipation Laxatives Melanosis Myenteric plexus...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1988) 36 (Suppl. 1): 73–84.
Published Online: 05 June 2008
...K. Ewe Approximatively 10 liters of fluid enter the gastrointestinal tract with food and endogenous secretions, and only less than 100 ml or 1 % leave it with the faeces. Minor changes of this equilibrium in the intestinal transport may cause diarrhoea or constipation. Functions of small and large...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1988) 36 (Suppl. 1): 15–22.
Published Online: 05 June 2008
... gastrointestinal and colonic motor disturbances may contribute to the pathogenesis of constipation and diarrhea; however, several findings suggest that colonic motor alterations are the consequence rather than the cause of changes in bowel habits. 5 6 2008 © 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel 1988 Copyright...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (1988) 36 (Suppl. 1): 226–229.
Published Online: 05 June 2008
...Henry J. Binder This presentation discusses the use of laxatives in clinical medicine. As laxatives are used frequently in patients with constipation, the causes of constipation are reviewed including endocrine, colonic, neurogenic and drug-induced etiologies. Laxatives are also used to eliminate...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Pharmacology
Pharmacology (2007) 81 (1): 11–17.
Published Online: 28 August 2007
... and absorption Constipation Diarrhea Irritable bowel syndrome Short Communication Pharmacology 2008;81:11 17 DOI: 10.1159/000107662 Received: February 12, 2007 Accepted: May 2, 2007 Published online: August 28, 2007 Inhibition of Phosphodiesterase Type 4 Decreases Stress-Induced Defecation in Rats and Mice...