Background: Doxazosin is an α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist for the treatment of high blood pressure and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Peripheral α-adrenergic receptors have been implicated in inflammation. Aim: To examine the anti-inflammatory effects of doxazosin in rodent models of inflammation. Method: The anti-inflammatory properties of doxazosin were investigated in 4 models. In all studies, drug treatment was administered 15 min prior to challenge. In the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced systemic inflammation model, LPS was injected systemically at 0.25 mg/kg. At 90 min after challenge, blood samples were collected for analysis. In the LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation model, LPS was instilled intranasally. Four hours after challenge, the lungs were harvested for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) analysis. In a delayed-type hypersensitivity model, the mice were injected intravenously with sheep red blood cells, and rechallenged in the left footpad 7 days later. Drug treatment was given on day 6 and 7 just prior to the rechallenge. The thickness of hind footpads was measured at 15 min after rechallenge. In the thioglycollate-induced peritoneal monocyte infiltration model, mice were challenged with 3% thioglycollate, and 2 h later peritoneal lavage fluid was collected for MCP-1 analysis. Results: In animals challenged systemically and intranasally with LPS, doxazosin inhibited TNF-α and MCP-1 production, respectively. In the delayed-type hypersensitivity model, footpad swelling was inhibited by doxazosin. Doxazosin decreased the level of MCP-1 release in the peritoneal cavity of thioglycollate-stimulated animals, though this effect was not statistically significant. Conclusion: This is the first set of studies that reports the novel anti-inflammatory effects of doxazosin.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.