We investigated whether capsaicin induces itching in skin with existing inflammation. We induced skin inflammation by intradermal injection of complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) in the neck of mice. Four days later, we injected capsaicin in the same area and counted the number of scratching bouts for 30 min. We examined potential effects on pain in parallel experiments in which CFA and capsaicin were intradermally injected into hind paws. We used the time spent licking the hind paws during the 15 min after capsaicin injection as an estimate of pain. Capsaicin injection into the skin pretreated with CFA, but not into healthy skin, induced scratching. The scratching behavior was reduced by pretreatment with naloxone or capsazepine, selective antagonists for transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1), but not morphine or mepyramine, selective antagonists for histamine 1 receptor. In animals injected with capsaicin into the hind paws, licking behavior was significantly inhibited via a µ-receptor-dependent mechanism. Our results show that TRPV1 activation, which normally induces pain, evokes an itch-related response in the presence of inflammation. This model may be interesting for future studies to explore the mechanism of a painful stimuli-induced itch observed under pathological conditions.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.