Subendothelial collagen supports platelet adhesion, activation, and thrombus growth at sites of vascular damage. Previous studies have shown that chalcones possess antiplatelet activity, but their mechanism of action is not fully understood. In this study, a recently synthesized chalcone, 2′-ethoxy-5′-methoxy-2-(5-methylthienyl)chalcone (EMMTC), was used to investigate chalcone effects on platelet aggregation and adhesion. We found that EMMTC potently inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation with an IC50 of 1.01 μmol/l. In contrast, it did not inhibit thrombin- and ADP-induced platelet aggregation. EMMTC could inhibit arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation and collagen- and AA-induced thromboxane B2 (TXB2) formation, suggesting that cyclooxygenase and/or thromboxane synthase were affected during this process. Moreover, EMMTC suppressed collagen-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation, including phospholipase C-γ2 (PLC-γ2), phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K), Src, Fyn and LAT. Strikingly, EMMTC also blocked platelet adhesion to immobilized collagen and convulxin (a snake venom-derived protein that activates platelet glycoprotein VI receptor). The attenuation of phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) was observed during adhesion. Taken together, our results presented here demonstrate that the chalcone derivative EMMTC affects collagen-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation and TXB2 formation and functionally blocks collagen-induced platelet aggregation and adhesion.

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