Introduction: Membrane-associated guanylate kinase with an inverted domain structure-1 (MAGI1) is dysregulated in diabetes; however, its role in diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains unclear. In this study, we determined the function and associated mechanisms of MAGI1 in DN. Methods: Serum samples from 28 patients with DN and 28 normal volunteers were collected. High-glucose (HG)-treated human renal mesangial cells (HRMCs) and streptozotocin-treated rats were used as cell and animal models of DN, respectively. MAGI1 mRNA expression was measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. An 5-Ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine assay was used to assess cell proliferation, whereas Western blot analysis was performed to quantitate the levels of markers associated with proliferation, the extracellular matrix (ECM), and inflammation. These included collagens I, collagen IV, cyclin D1, AKT, phosphorylated-AKT (p-AKT), PI3K, and phosphorylated-PI3K (p-PI3K). The predicted binding of miR-205-5p with the MAGI1 3′UTR was verified using a luciferase assay. Results: MAGI1 expression was increased in serum samples from DN patients and in HRMCs treated with HG. MAGI1 knockdown attenuated excessive proliferation, ECM accumulation, and inflammation in HG-induced HRMCs as well as injury to DN rats. MiR-205-5p potentially interacted with the 3′UTR of MAGI1 and binding was verified using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, miR-205-5p repression offset the inhibitory influence of MAGI1 knockdown on proliferation, collagen deposition, and inflammation in HG-treated HRMCs. Conclusion: MAGI1 contributes to injury caused by DN. Furthermore, miR-205-5p binds to MAGI1 and suppresses MAGI1 function. These findings suggest that miR-205-5p-mediates MAGI1 inhibition, which represents a potential treatment for DN.

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