Urinary extracts from idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients, aplastic anemia (AA) patients and normal subjects were investigated for their effects on in vivo platelet production, and both in vitro and in vivo megakaryocytopoiesis in rodents. Daily intraperitoneal injection of 1.2 absorbance units (AU, A278) of urinary protein for three consecutive days induced statistically significant increases in rat blood platelet numbers. This increase was observed for 1 of 4 ITP urinary extracts and for all 3 AA urinary extracts, and occurred 24 h after the final injection. In vitro levels of megakaryocyte colony-stimulating factor (Meg-CSF) in ITP urinary extracts were similar to those of normal urinary extracts, and were in dramatic contrast to the markedly elevated levels of Meg-CSF in extracts from AA urine. A single intraperitoneal injection of 0.5 AU of AA urinary protein induced a significant increase in spleen-derived megakaryocyte colony-forming cells (CFU-meg) 48 h past injection. In the group injected with ITP urinary extract, CFU-meg levels remained within normal limits. These results provide evidence that urinary extracts of ITP patients do not contain increased levels of Meg-CSF and a factor which directly stimulates in vivo CFU-meg production, and that the decrease in circulating platelet numbers that is characteristic of ITP patients is not a primary in vivo determinant in the elaboration of these factors.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.