On the basis of 25 cases of human infection observed in Thailand, and an evaluation of the available literature, Edwardsiella tarda may be regarded as an enteropathogen capable of producing disease similar to the clinical pattern of salmo-nellosis, i.e. intestinal disorder varying from mild diarrhea to acute gastroenteritis with fever, vomiting and watery stools. Infants and old persons tend to be more susceptible and to react with a more severe course of illness. Healthy carriers are found rarely. Generalized infections which are sometimes observed in patients with reduced resistance do not present specific features. The primary natural habitat of E. tarda has not yet been ascertained. Reptiles and marine animals may be tentatively considered natural reservoirs. The 34 strains investigated in this study exhibited a biochemical pattern identical with that published by Ewing et al. – D-Tartrate – in contrast to the findings of Saka-zaki – was not utilized.

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