Due to improving treatment options, the number of so-called long-term cancer survivors is steadily increasing. Current studies assume that more than 60% of adults survive their cancer. These patients have a variety of problems (chemotherapy-induced neuropathy, fatigue, etc.) that require very special care. In addition to somatic and psychological side effects of the cancer or its treatment, these patients also suffer from the financial and social consequences of the disease. Thus, for a long-term survivor of working age, the question of a ‘return to work' represents a significant problem since otherwise the financial existence of the patient, and often the family, may substantially deteriorate. Studies show that cancer patients classify financial worries with regard to the quality of life as more significant than physical or psychological side effects of the cancer or its treatment. Furthermore, there are initial studies showing that the social descent due to the disease may also prove relevant for cancer prognosis. In contrast, it was shown in studies and in a Cochrane analysis that professional assistance and support services are suitable for keeping patients in their professional lives. Therefore, both patients and physicians need to be aware of this problem.