Introduction: Congenital ossicular chain anomalies are rare conductive hearing loss conditions that remain difficult to diagnose even with high-resolution computed tomography (CT). The preoperative diagnosis is helpful for surgical planning and counseling patients regarding treatment outcomes. Case Presentation: We report a case involving a 14-year-old boy presenting with left conductive hearing loss without history of trauma for 5 years, physical examination showed normal otoscopic examination bilaterally and high-resolution CT showed absent of stapes suprastructure and footplate. Subsequent diagnosis was done via endoscopic middle ear exploration which revealed an absent long process of the incus, stapes suprastructure and footplate, but with intact oval window membrane. The residual incus was removed, and a tragal perichondrium graft was used over the oval window. A total ossicular replacement prosthesis was placed between the malleus and oval window to repair the chain. Postoperatively, the patient had no complications. Preoperative pure tone average revealed an air/bone result of 52/8 dB. Follow-up after surgery at 6 months showed a pure tone average air/bone result of 15/3 dB. The air-bone gap was reduced from 44 to 12 dB. Conclusion: Congenital absence of the stapes suprastructure and footplate remains a rare condition compared to the myriad of middle ear anomalies in the literature.

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