We compared two stapedoplasty techniques to evaluate whether one technique is safer than the other as an outpatient procedure and to demonstrate possible reasons for outpatient failures. We performed a retrospective study of patient records of 94 operated adult patients who were all initially scheduled for outpatient surgery for otosclerosis (47 total stapedectomies and 47 small-fenestra stapedotomies). Six patients (13%) with stapedectomy and 1 patient (2%) with stapedotomy had to stay overnight at the hospital due to postoperative vertigo and nausea. The number of outpatient failures was statistically significantly different between the stapedoplasty techniques (p = 0.05). Five patients (11%) with stapedectomy and 2 patients (4%) with stapedotomy had a drop in bone conduction threshold between 5 and 8 dB pre- to postoperatively (n.s.). The short-term hearing improvement did not differ statistically significantly between the techniques when compared to the preoperative values. Small-fenestra stapedotomy is the safer procedure to be performed as outpatient setting than total stapedectomy.

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